ššina: son of Upadarma, rebel leader from Elam, who rose against the Persian king Darius after the latter had killed the Magian Gaumâta. ššina's rebellion started October [?] 522 and was suppressed almost immediately. In the Behistun inscription, Darius wites that ššina was brought to him in fetters, and that he personally killed him. This was not the end of the revolt, however, because a new rebel leader continued the struggle, Martiya. However, the Elamite population, impressed by Darius' actions, slew ššina's successor.

The picture shows ššina as he is represented at Behistun.